The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA), also known as the Welfare Reform Act of 1996, establishes the Federal Case Registry (FCR) and the State Case Registry (SCR). Both are data warehouses used for storage of case and person information regarding child support orders. The SCR in Wyoming is also known as Parental Obligation System for Support Enforcement (POSSE). POSSE is the automated statewide child support computer system linking the State CSP Office, the District CSP Offices, and the Clerks of District Court Offices together for the common goal of collecting child support for children.
PRWORA requires each state to submit person and case information contained in the SCR to the FCR. Through the FCR, states are notified when they have people in common. One of the requirements of PRWORA and the FCR is the safeguarding of specific information, in this instance, the risk of family violence and the release of information to other states.
Each state will have safeguards in place on their automated systems to protect against the release of information when there is a risk of harm to a parent or child. Further, when a state becomes aware of such a risk of harm, it will notify the federal OCSE to safeguard information within the Federal Parent Locator Service (FPLS).
One important component of POSSE is the Family Violence Indicator (FVI) which the state uses to notify the federal OCSE of safety concerns. The FVI can be attached to the record of any person who may be a victim of domestic violence and/or child abuse as defined by the criteria listed below. The purpose of the FVI is to prevent the disclosure of information about a protected person to the FPLS. On POSSE, the indicator is marked on the Person Maintenance screen for each person who may be at risk of domestic violence and/or child abuse.
The Wyoming Child Support Program (WCSP) is committed to promoting the safety and well-being of its customers and staff, and therefore promulgates the following policy.
The District CSP Office may become aware of a risk of domestic violence and/or child abuse to a customer by many means, including but not limited to notification by the victim, the victim's family, a child’s caretaker and/or the Department of Family Services (DFS) field office when determining eligibility for POWER benefits.
Any notification should be followed up promptly with strict confidentiality. The following guidelines are to be followed when using the FVI.
Setting the Family Violence Indicator
1) The District CSP Office will screen for family violence at intake, and will inform customers of their right to have the FVI marked if risk of family violence is disclosed.
2) The WCSP considers the following reasonable evidence of family violence, and may enter a family violence indicator on appropriate individuals, when:
a. A parent or custodian states that he or she or the child(ren) is/are at risk of emotional or physical harm from another individual in the same child support case and doesn’t want his/her location disclosed; or
b. The case manager has screened the case for domestic violence and believes that marking the FVI is necessary; or
c. WCSP has knowledge of a court-ordered protective order or other information that family violence exists and believes that marking the FVI is necessary.
3) The FVI indicator will be marked on the protected person and child(ren) screens of the applicable case.