8. Establishment‎ > ‎

8.1 Introduction


Chapter Federal Authority
Establishment Social Security Act
§452(f) Duties of the Secretary
§454(20) State plan for child and spousal support
§456 Support obligations
§466(a)(2) and (19), (c), and (d) Requirement of statutorily prescribed procedures to improve effectiveness of child support enforcement
§467 State guidelines for child support awards
§468 Encouragement of States to adopt simple civil process for voluntary acknowledging paternity and a civil procedure for establishing paternity in contested cases
45 CFR 302.56 Guidelines for setting child support awards
45 CFR 303.4 Establishment of support obligations
45 CFR 303.5 Establishment of paternity
45 CFR 303.7 Provision of services in intergovernmental IV-D cases
45 CFR 303.31 Securing and enforcing medical support obligations
45 CFR 303.101 Expedited processes
45 CFR 305.2 Performance Measures
45 CFR 305.63 Standards for determining substantial compliance with IV-D requirements
45 CFR 308 – Annual State Self Assessment Review and Report

Subject State Authority
Introduction Wyo. Stat. § 14-2-401 et seq. Wyoming Parentage Act
Wyo. Stat. § 20-2-301 et seq. Child Support
Wyo. Stat. § 20-2-401 et seq. Medical Support
Wyoming Child Support Enforcement Rules
 Chapter 4 General Services
Policy Number Effective Date
8.1 October 1, 2010

Chapter

This chapter contains the following sections:
  • Paternity
  • Child Support
  • Medical Support

Overview

Every child has a right to financial and emotional support from both parents.  The first step in the child support process is to determine if paternity is an issue.  In Wyoming, paternity establishment consists of forming a legal relationship between a man and a child through a voluntary acknowledgment process or court order.

Once paternity is established, both parents have a legal obligation to provide financial and medical support for their child. A child support order will establish a specific dollar amount for financial support of the child and include medical language to provide for the medical needs of the child.

No Establishment of a Child Support Order

The Wyoming Child Support Program will not pursue a support order against a parent when the parent’s only source of income is Supplemental Security Income.  However, if establishment is an issue and the case meets all of the requirements outlined in the federal regulations (45 CFR 303.11, the case may be closed as defined in this chapter.

Federal Timeframes

In order to ensure the best possible service to the customers within the Wyoming CSE Program, the federal OCSE established certain minimum timeframes by which actions within the child support program should take place.  Below are the federal guidelines and timeframes for this chapter.

Support Establishment

Within 90 days of locating an alleged father or non-custodial parent, the Wyoming CSE Program shall:
  • Establish an order for support (and paternity, if necessary); or 
  • Complete service of process to establish support; or 
  • Document unsuccessful attempts to serve process to establish support.  (45 CFR 303.4(d))
To comply with this federal regulation through self-assessment, a state shall meet this requirement for seventy-five percent (75%) of all its open cases.  (45 CFR 305.63(c)(2) and 45 CFR 308.2(b))  

Expedited Process

Additionally, federal regulations require the Wyoming CSE Program to process establishment cases, either administratively or judicially, within the following prescribed time frames. From the date of service of process, support shall be established:
  • For seventy-five percent (75%) of the cases within six (6) months (180 days); and 
  • For ninety percent (90%) of the cases within twelve (12) months (365 days). (45 CFR 303.101(b)(2)(i))

Medical Support Establishment

Finally, federal regulations require the Wyoming CSE Program to petition the court to include a private health insurance provision that is accessible and reasonable in cost. (45 CFR 303.31(b)(1))  If private health insurance is not available at the time the order is established, petition the court to include a cash medical provision until such time as private health insurance is available that is accessible and reasonable.  (45 CFR 303.31(b)(2))

To comply with this federal regulation through self assessment, Wyoming shall meet this requirement for seventy-five percent (75%) of all its open cases.  (45 CFR 305.63(c)(5) and 45 308.2(e)(1))

Closure

Under certain circumstances, a IV-D child support case may be closed as long as it meets all of the requirements outlined in the federal regulations (45 CFR 303.11).  The possible case closures based upon establishment and/or paternity are:
  • The alleged father is deceased and no further action can be taken ((b)(2)).
  • Paternity cannot be established because:
o The child is at least 18 years old and action to establish paternity is barred by a statute of limitations ((b)(3)(i));
o A genetic test or court order has excluded the alleged father ((b)(3)(ii));
o The IV-D agency determined that it would not be in the best interest of the child to establish paternity ((b)(3)(iii)); or
o The identity of the alleged father is unknown and cannot be identified through diligent efforts ((b)(3)(iv)).

To comply with this federal regulation through self-assessment, a state shall meet this requirement for ninety percent (90%) of all its open cases.  (45 CFR 305.63(b)(2) and 45 CFR 308.2(a))  

Federal Incentive

The federal incentive funding system to states includes two measures to track the success of states in establishing paternity and support orders.  The following provides a brief description of each establishment federal incentive measure. 

Paternity Establishment Formulas:

Within a fiscal year, paternity shall be established for ninety percent (90%) of children born out of wedlock for a state to receive the maximum incentive.  States may choose one of two methods to calculate paternity – IV-D Paternity Establishment Percentage (PEP) or Statewide PEP.  Effective October 1, 2012, Wyoming utilizes the IV-D Paternity Establishment Percentage (PEP).

Statewide PEP

Total # of children born out of wedlock in the state, for whom paternity was 
established or acknowledged during the fiscal year
________________________________________________________________
Total # of children born out of wedlock during the preceding fiscal year


IV-D PEP
Total # of children in IV-D caseload in the fiscal year born out of wedlock 
with paternity established or acknowledged
_____________________________________________________________
Total # of children in IV-D caseload as of the end of the preceding fiscal 
year who were born out of wedlock



Note:  If the paternity establishment rate for a state is below ninety percent (90%), the rate shall increase by 2% on a yearly basis until the rate reaches ninety percent (90%) or the state may be penalized by the federal government.


Order Establishment Formula

In order to maximize the incentive attached to the order establishment measure, a state shall establish support orders for more than 80% of its caseload.  The federal incentive measure formula for support order establishment is as follows:
Number of IV-D cases with support orders during the fiscal year
_____________________________________________________
Total number of IV-D cases during fiscal year


Cross Reference
None

Version Number Last Revised Date
2 July 1, 2014